Details

Perception and Illusion


Perception and Illusion

Historical Perspectives
Library of the History of Psychological Theories

von: N.J. Wade

118,99 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 30.03.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9780387227238
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 250

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Beschreibungen

Our contact with the world is through perception, and therefore the study of the process is of obvious importance and signi?cance. For much of its long history, the study of perception has been con?ned to natural- tic observation. Nonetheless, the phenomena considered worthy of note have not been those that nurture our survival—the veridical features of perception—but the oddities or departures from the common and c- monplace accuracies of perception. With the move from the natural world to the laboratory the oddities of perception multiplied, and they received ever more detailed scrutiny. My general intention is to examine the interpretations of the perc- tual process and its errors throughout history. The emphasis on errors of perception might appear to be a narrow approach, but in fact it enc- passes virtually all perceptual research from the ancients until the present. The constancies of perception have been taken for granted whereas - partures from constancies (errors or illusions) have fostered fascination.
Our contact with the world is through perception, and therefore the study of the process is of obvious importance and signi?cance. For much of its long history, the study of perception has been con?ned to natural- tic observation. Nonetheless, the phenomena considered worthy of note have not been those that nurture our survival—the veridical features of perception—but the oddities or departures from the common and c- monplace accuracies of perception. With the move from the natural world to the laboratory the oddities of perception multiplied, and they received ever more detailed scrutiny. My general intention is to examine the interpretations of the perc- tual process and its errors throughout history. The emphasis on errors of perception might appear to be a narrow approach, but in fact it enc- passes virtually all perceptual research from the ancients until the present. The constancies of perception have been taken for granted whereas - partures from constancies (errors or illusions) have fostered fascination.
Chapter 1 Recording observations
The practice of perception
Art
Color
Optics
Greek science and perception
The ideal and the observable
The five senses
The introduction of observation
The introduction of optics
The introduction of experiment
Summary Chapter 2 Nature of perceptual error
Comparisons of percepts
Comparisons with physics
Comparisons with physiology
Distal and proximal comparisons
Phantoms
Summary Chapter 3 Nature of veridicality
Nature of light
Greek optics
Medieval optics
Early modern optics
Nature of sight
Eye
Retina
Visual pathways
Eye glasses
Summary Chapter 4 Perception in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
Impact of optics
Eye as an optical instrument
Impact of anatomy
Visual pathways
Impact of physiology
Accommodation
&
The understanding of perception is central to our knowledge of the mind. Yet paradoxically, this understanding was born of centuries of fascination with errors of human perception. Perception and Illusion: Historical Perspectives elegantly retraces this scientific journey, not only in terms of its trials and errors but in its complex relationships with painting and medicine, philosophy and physics.

In this accessible volume, Nicholas Wade surveys over two millennia of scientific inquiry and research, describing the evolution of theories of light, sight, and illusion from early naturalistic observation to our sophisticated present-day experiments. Optics, physiology, and ophthalmology are seen emerging from beneath the burden of tradition and dogma. So, too, do doctors and thinkers studying the senses become practitioners devoted to specialized domains.


    • The Greek foundations of perception: Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Ptolemy    • Art and perception before and after the Renaissance: color mixing and linear     perspective    • The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: ocular anatomy meets optical science; the     separation of sight from light    • Perception and behavior: illusions and the roots of psychology in the nineteenth     century; the fragmentation of the senses; harnessing space and time    • Perceptual innovations in the twentieth century: from infant vision through visual     physiology to virtual reality.

Perception and Illusion: Historical Perspectives is illuminating reading for students of the history of psychology, optics, and medicine, and provides insights into the history and progress of science. In addition to charting these visual milestones, Wade reminds the reader in an articulate manner of perceptual controversies—including some of the most basic ones—that have yet to be resolved.
One of the few books available that covers the entire history of perception

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